3 · Link Target Definitions

Web 2.0 Services

Where links are used for menus and navigation or to send users to a different site or area on the page, the text for all links needs to be understandable when seen out of context. Navigation elements, such as buttons, should have the correct role assigned to them. Alternative navigation elements, such as a breadcrumb trail, sitemap or search facility are beneficial. Use of link target icons should be consistent, familiar and labelled appropriately to be fully accessible.

Outcomes and Scores

This test has 4 possible outcomes.

Outcome Score
Embedded links fully appropriate and all interactive elements have accessible names. 100%
Most links understandable or provided in sentences. May have some duplicates. Button or icon links also have accessible names. 67%
Non-defined links such as 'click here' or just 'download', but with explanatory title attributes. 33%
Non-defined links such as 'click here' or just 'download'. Icon or button links fail to indicate activation 0%


The results of this test are taken into account when calculating accessibility scores for the following disabilities.


The following technique may come in handy when running this test.


This test aims to cover the following sections of best practice.

Document Section Heading
WCAG 2.1 2.4.4 Link Purpose (In Context) More Info
WCAG 2.1 3.2.2 On Input More Info
WCAG 2.1 3.2.3 Consistent Navigation More Info
WCAG 2.1 3.2.4 Consistent Identification More Info
WCAG 2.1 3.2.5 Change on Request More Info
WCAG 2.1 4.1.2 Name, Role, Value More Info