10 · Page Functionality with Keyboard and Touch Screen

Web 2.0 Services

It is important that all functions can be accessed through keyboard tabbing to and then using enter or space to activate elements. If the site makes use of access keys (keyboard shortcuts), it should be possible to discover these through site documentation. Screen readers depend on navigational elements on touch screens being voiced. The gestures tend to change when a screen reader is used with double tap to activate elements and a different number of fingers being use to flip pages.

Outcomes and Scores

This test has 4 possible outcomes.

Outcome Score
Fully navigable with total keyboard functionality which does not preclude other input devices such as touch screen. 100%
Non-critical features on the page require mouse use and do not respond to screen reader use when reached. May work with one browser but not another. 67%
Full navigation but inaccessible controls for accessing embedded content - media players etc. 33%
Critical features on the page require mouse use or fail to respond to screen reader use on a touch screen. 0%


The results of this test are taken into account when calculating accessibility scores for the following disabilities.


The following techniques may come in handy when running this test.


This test aims to cover the following sections of best practice.

Document Section Heading
WCAG 2.1 1.1 Text Alternatives More Info
WCAG 2.1 2.1.1 Keyboard More Info
WCAG 2.1 2.4 Navigable More Info
WCAG 2.1 3.2 Predictable More Info